Psychosomatic means mind (psyche) and body (soma). A psychosomatic disorder is a functional limitation which involves both mind and body. It's emotions that manifests physically.
- Examples of how the mind affects the body are everywhere. Some are commonplace: tears are a physiological response to a feeling. Blushing occurs when the blood vessels of the head and neck dilate and become infused with blood. It is an instantaneous and uncontrollable physical change seen on the surface but reflecting a feeling of embarrassment or happiness that is held inside.
- The word psychosomatic refers to physical symptoms that occur for psychological reasons. Tears and blushing are examples of this, but they are normal responses that do not represent illness. It is only when psychosomatic symptoms go beyond the ordinary and impair our ability to function that illness results.
- Psychosomatic disorders are conditions in which a person suffers from significant physical symptoms – causing and manifesting into severe physical symptoms and disability – to which can't be explained by medical tests or physical examination.
Reference: Dr. Suzanne O' Sullivan, 2015.